Kenya has seen the emergence of an army of “citizen journalists” to provide critical information to the media and a growing number of newspapers are being bought by foreign investors.
The country has also been hit by a spate of kidnappings, a spate which has left at least 10 journalists dead in recent months.
The number of journalists killed by gunmen in the past two years is almost twice the number in 2013 and 2014, according to a report by the Kenyan newspaper Kenya Star.
The newspaper said it had identified at least 100 journalists who have been killed.
Newspaper owners have been buying up newspaper stock in order to keep the business afloat, while at the same time, they are seeking to sell off the newspapers that have fallen into disrepair or gone out of business, the paper reported.
The government is also trying to find ways to encourage the purchase of foreign newspapers, the newspaper said, and there are plans to introduce an online marketplace to buy the papers in person.
Kenya Star reported that the number of foreign journalists in the country is now at around 1,400.
The latest kidnap cases to hit Kenya were a total of seven, according a report in the Daily Star newspaper, which reported that seven journalists were kidnapped from a hotel in the western city of Nairobi.
A total of 10 journalists were also kidnapped in the eastern town of Kisumu in October.
The police said the kidnappings happened at a hotel where they were staying and two of the men were later identified.
Police have been trying to track down the other two men, but it has been difficult due to the increased violence in the area.
“There is a lot of fear, so it is hard to get the right men to work in a safe environment,” one of the kidnappers told the newspaper.
“But the situation is improving, and it will take time to bring them back.”
The government has also launched an investigation into several cases of alleged fake news in the media, including claims that the national anthem was sung in Nairobariya in October and that the country was in lockdown due to a threat of Ebola.
“There have been reports of some fake news and other misinformation published in the mainstream media, and some of these have led to panic among people,” said an interior ministry spokesman, Mwenda Mwanambe.
Newspapers that have suffered financial losses in recent years include a weekly newspaper, Kano News, that was acquired by a company called MBC Communications in March 2016.
The new owners of Kano also bought two smaller newspapers, The Nation and News Daily.
The News Daily, which is owned by a Chinese company, said it was selling the newspapers.
It said it would put its assets into a new entity and start a new chapter in its business.
News Daily owner Mwanga Wanga, who also owns The Nation, said the company had been preparing to sell the paper.
“We are not making any statement about the sale of the newspaper until we have received the final decision from the owner of the company,” he said.
The newspaper also said it planned to publish a short-lived online magazine, and would soon begin selling its magazines online.